In Vitro and in Vivo Studies of FePt Nanoparticles for Dual  Modal CT/MRI Molecular Imaging

The water-solvable FePt nanoparticles of 3, 6, and 12 nm in diameter (3 nm-, 6 nm-, and 12nm-FePt) were synthesized and applied as a dual modality contrast agent for CT/MRI molecular imaging. These nanoparticles present excellent biocompatibility and hemocompatibility in all test concentrations for the imaging contrast. The biodistribution analysis revealed the highest serum concentration and circulation half-life for 12 nm-FePt, followed by 6 nm-FePt then 3 nm-FePt. Thus, the 3 nm-FePt showed higher brain concentrations. Anti-Her2 antibody conjugated FePt nanoparticles demonstrated molecular expression dependent CT/MRI dual imaging contrast effect in MBT2 cell line and its Her2/neu gene knock out counterpart. Selective contrast enhancement of Her2/neu overexpression cancer lesions in both CT and MRI was found in tumor bearing animal after tail vein injection of the nanoparticles. The 12 nm-FePt outperformed 3 nm-FePt in both imaging modalities. These results indicate the potential of FePt nanoparticles to serve as novel multimodal molecular imaging contrast agents in clinical settings.

Nanoparticle as Molecular Imaging Applications e9212

Fuel Cell application


Chemical Doping of Core-shell Silicon Nanoparticle@Polyaniline Nanocomposite


DNA-Gold Nanorod Conjugates for Remote Control of Localized Gene Expression by near Infrared Irradiation.

Gold nanorods were attached to the gene of enhanced green fluorescence protein (EGFP) for the remote control of gene expression in living cells. The UV-vis spectroscopy, electrophoresis, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were used to study the optical and structural properties of the EGFP DNA and gold nanorod (EGFP-GNR) conjugates before and after femto-second near-infrared (NIR) laser irradiation. Upon NIR irradiation, the gold nanorods of EGFP-GNR conjugates underwent shape transformation that resulted in the release of EGFP DNA. When EGFP-GNR conjugates were delivered to cultured HeLa cells, induced GFP expression was specifically observed in cells that were locally exposed to NIR irradiation. Our results demonstrate the feasibility of using gold nanorods and NIR irradiation as means of remote control of gene expression in specific cells. This approach has potential applications in biological and medical studies.