In Vitro and in Vivo Studies of FePt Nanoparticles for Dual Modal CT/MRI Molecular Imaging
The water-solvable FePt nanoparticles of 3, 6, and 12 nm in diameter (3 nm-, 6 nm-, and 12nm-FePt) were synthesized and applied as a dual modality contrast agent for CT/MRI molecular imaging. These nanoparticles present excellent biocompatibility and hemocompatibility in all test concentrations for the imaging contrast. The biodistribution analysis revealed the highest serum concentration and circulation half-life for 12 nm-FePt, followed by 6 nm-FePt then 3 nm-FePt. Thus, the 3 nm-FePt showed higher brain concentrations. Anti-Her2 antibody conjugated FePt nanoparticles demonstrated molecular expression dependent CT/MRI dual imaging contrast effect in MBT2 cell line and its Her2/neu gene knock out counterpart. Selective contrast enhancement of Her2/neu overexpression cancer lesions in both CT and MRI was found in tumor bearing animal after tail vein injection of the nanoparticles. The 12 nm-FePt outperformed 3 nm-FePt in both imaging modalities. These results indicate the potential of FePt nanoparticles to serve as novel multimodal molecular imaging contrast agents in clinical settings.